Russia’s next decade is devoted to moon, Lunar space station on board.

Russia’s next decade is devoted to moon, Lunar space station on board.

Another great decade of Space exploration is ahead in Human history. In the next decade alongside SpaceX‘s Mars missions and Nasa’s Artemis, Russia is bringing back their Soviet space heritage by announcing a new line of missions (Luna), especially for Moon. Two days past Russia and China announced to launch a lunar space station and have invited all other international space agencies and companies to join in. 

Russia is going back to its Soviet space heritage for a new line of missions that will take them back to the moon.

The initial of those missions, dubbed Luna 25, is planned to launch this October, ending a 45-year drought of Russian moon landings with the nation’s first entrance at the south pole, where, like everyone else targeting the moon, Russian scientists want to study water-sealed below the surface in permanent ice.
“The moon is the centre of our program for the next decade,” Lev Zelenyi, scientific consultant for the Russian Space Research Institute, said during a virtual presentation on March 23 hosted by Russia’s National Academy of Sciences.
Russia has a bunch of company in sketching out enterprising lunar exploration programs. The United States is targeting human exploration with its Artemis program, which also includes plenty of robotic moon missions. In December, China carried the first fresh lunar samples to Earth in decades in a still-unfolding series of missions dubbed Chang’e. India and Israel have both promised successor spacecraft after their lunar landers — dubbed Chandrayaan-2 and Beresheet, respectively — crash-landed on the moon in 2019.
But solely the U.S. can match Russia’s lunar lineage, which Russia is willfully hitting into by picking up the Luna series name and numbering from where they left off in 1976. “We want to show some consistencies,” Zelenyi said.
Thus, Luna 25. The lander that will launch in October is constructed to study ice permanently frozen down the moon’s surface, which would-be explorers want to hit as a resource and to analyze the dangers presented by harsh fragments of lunar dust. As it lands, the spacecraft will wield a European-built camera to boost the European Space Agency’s(ESA) future lunar missions.
But Luna 25 is only the introduction, Zelenyi intensified, stepping through a total of five lunar missions in many planning stages. In 2023 or 2024, Russia intends to launch Luna 26, this time an orbiter that would peek for magnetic and gravitational oddities in the moon and capture high-precision images of possible landing sites.
Furthermore, in 2025, it would be back to the ground with Luna 27, which Zelenyi called “I think the most important.” Like the lander entering this year, Luna 27 will head to the moon’s south pole and keep European landing software. But also on the robot service of the ESA (European Space Agency) would be a first: a drill that can collect south-pole lunar rock without melting compounds like water ice found in the material.
In accessory, the lander will amass a suite of instruments formulated to study how the solar wind, a continual stream of charged particles drifting out of the sun and across the solar system, influences the lunar surface.
The final two missions in the Luna series as characterized by Zelenyi don’t yet possess launch dates. But Luna 28, also known as Luna-Grunt, would build directly on its forerunner by bringing back to Earth cryogenically packed samples from the lunar south pole that would contain water ice and other so-called volatile compounds.
“It’s sample return, but a different sample return than has been done earlier,” Zelenyi said. “It will be … not just regolith [lunar dirt] but all volatiles and cryogenic inclusions to it, which is technically challenging.”
Ultimately, Luna 29 would take a new Lunokhod rover, harkening back again to Soviet missions. Lunokhod-1 became the first victorious rover in another world in 1970 and spent 10 months analyzing the region known as Mare Imbrium, or the Sea of Rains.
And would end up creating history in the field of Astrophysics.

Russia and China’s International Lunar Research Station (ILRS)

Recently on the latest show of China’s consistent open-mindedness in the space sector, China National Space Administration(CNSA) and its Russian companion issued a joint announcement on partnership in the creation of the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), with the two sides intensifying the facility is open to all international partners eager in cooperation, the CNSA published to the Global Times on Saturday, which marked the Space Day of China 2021.

China and Russia’s aerospace authorities have Asked all interested countries, international organizations, space agencies and partners to collaborate on a moon station project.

The declaration was made by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) and its Russian companion Roscosmos at a meeting for the international moon station in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province on Friday.


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